Bronchial asthma is an inflammatory process of the bronchi. Bronchial asthma is always a chronic disease. Timely established asthma can minimize the number of asthmatic attacks, reduce their severity. Improving the patient’s well-being occurs only if all the recommendations are followed. The risk of developing seizures with proper control of your condition, with knowledge of the basics of disease control and regular examination by your doctor is reduced by about ten times.
Signs of asthma
The main sign of the development of bronchial asthma is considered an attack of lack of air, or suffocation. With an attack, the patient is not able to take a deep breath, there is a strong asphyxiation. In addition, signs of bronchial asthma are dry and unproductive cough, wheezing and hoarsening in the bronchi, discomfort in the chest area.
An asthmatic attack cannot begin on its own, for no reason. The causes of asthma can be of a different nature. Sometimes the causes of asthma may be that the bronchi are irritated by dust that has entered with the inhaled air. In another case, the cause of asthma may be excessive exercise. Depending on what causes asthma, the disease can be seasonal or year-round.
Causes of asthma
Despite the “popularity” of this disease, doctors to this day can not give a clear answer, which is still the cause of asthma.
Studies show that the tendency to develop bronchial asthma is transmitted at the genetic level. The danger of developing asthma is especially strong in people suffering from atopic phenomena, when too much immunoglobulin is produced in the blood, or in people whose body weight exceeds the norm. Smoking also serve as a trigger.
Modern researchers pay much attention to the allergic component of bronchial asthma, and in particular its attacks. It is allergy in many cases that causes asthma.
Allergens may include plant pollen and household dust, food and medicine, pet hair and dander, and other irritants.
The cause of asthma can also be microorganisms – viruses or bacteria.
Timely treatment of bronchial asthma, support of a state of health in the remission stage, adherence to doctor’s prescriptions guarantee the absence of complications of bronchial asthma.
In fact, we can say that the complications of any disease are the result of an inadequate treatment of this ailment, in particular bronchial asthma. In addition, complications arise in the complete absence of therapy.
With an asthmatic attack, bronchial tissue contractes. Asthma treatment is aimed at expanding and spreading tissues, bringing them back to normal. If untreated, the bronchi may lose their ability to straighten out, which will lead to their chronic obstruction.
When using a certain series of drugs for bronchial asthma, it becomes necessary to use drugs against the inflammatory process, since otherwise the frequency of asthma attacks and their severity will increase. In the absence of treatment of the inflammatory process, a significant narrowing of the bronchial tissue occurs and the formation of plugs from bronchial mucus in them. This condition is called asthmatic status and is very serious, requiring emergency delivery to the hospital.
Another asthmatic complication is pneumothorax, which consists in the penetration of air into the pleural cavity in case of lung rupture. This phenomenon also forces emergency medical attention.