The incidence of colds increases in the autumn-winter period. In the absence of an effective therapeutic regimen, serious complications arise, among which pneumonia is especially distinguished. To eliminate the root cause of the ailment, the medical complex includes medicines, folk methods and exercise therapy. Gymnastics for pneumonia helps to restore blood circulation and eliminate congestion.
With an infectious lesion, the functional tissue that forms the organs of the respiratory system becomes less elastic. The following anomalies occur:
- breathing arrhythmia;
- decreased functionality of the muscles responsible for the movement of the chest;
- violations of a diffuse nature.
Bronchospasm provokes the development of airway obstruction. A large amount of phlegm accumulates in them. Weakening of the muscular system causes deformation of the chest and atrophy of the lung tissue.
The breathing apparatus is developed through exercise. With intense contraction of muscle fibers, chemical processes are activated. During gymnastics, functional tissues are quickly saturated with oxygen. Timely therapeutic intervention helps to strengthen the muscles that form the abdominal muscles.
The inflammatory process that occurs with pneumonia provokes:
- increased breathing;
- oxygen starvation;
- slowing down metabolic metabolism;
- failure in lymph circulation;
- an increase in the load on the respiratory system.
A set of special exercises is prescribed based on the results of a diagnostic examination. A weighty reason for conducting therapeutic exercises are:
- a sharp change in vital signs;
- the appearance of signs of respiratory failure;
- symptoms of the reverse development of foci of inflammation.
The training scheme is selected taking into account the severity of bed rest, chronic diseases, general condition and individual characteristics of the patient. The duration of one session should be no more than 10 minutes. The number of sessions is determined by the attending doctor. Gymnastics is carried out both during therapy and during the rehabilitation period. This method must be combined with outdoor walks.
Exercise therapy and breathing exercises are prohibited for use when:
- high body temperature;
- toxic shock;
- pathologies of the cardiovascular system;
- severe weakness;
- mental disorders.
Treatment and prevention begins only after decoding the information obtained in the course of clinical trials and instrumental examination.
Breathing exercises are often used to treat pneumonia. Thanks to systemic exposure, you can:
- strengthen the muscles;
- improve the ventilation process;
- stabilize the lymph and blood circulation of the respiratory organs;
- prevent the development of negative consequences.
The inclusion of gymnastics in the general complex for colds will prevent the appearance of connective tissue adhesions, signs of deformity in the chest area, atelectasis and emphysema. Regular training of the diaphragm leads to the development of the correct breathing pattern. Thanks to the flow of blood, the state of the respiratory and digestive systems is normalized. With the help of combined exercises, the duration of the rehabilitation course is reduced.
Respiratory gymnastics and physiotherapy exercises are an obligatory part of therapy prescribed for pneumonia. The doctor selects an individual treatment regimen for each patient suffering from pneumonia. At the same time, he takes into account the stage of the disease, the affected area and the intensity of clinical symptoms.
Ignoring negative manifestations can lead to thickening of functional tissue, disruption of gas exchange. As a result, drainage functions deteriorate. Breathing exercises can be combined with massage therapy. The resulting vibrations have a positive effect on the operation of the diaphragm.
The lesson outline contains static and dynamic exercises. The first include exercises by means of which the exhalation is lengthened and trained. When they are performed, the muscles that are responsible for the work of the lungs are involved. The patient should be relaxed.
The simplest exercises include the following:
- Pronunciation of whistling and vibrating sounds. Through such sessions, bronchospasm is relieved . It should be noted that sonorant consonants are pronounced with their mouth closed.
- Count from one to four. Breathe in at 1-2, exhale at 1-2-3-4. The longer the inhalation lasts, the higher the effectiveness of the procedure. Exhale through extended lips or clenched teeth.
- Reading tongue twisters. Breathe in freely, and as you exhale, pronounce the necessary words.
For maximum effect, the complex includes breathing exercises, vibration massage and a direct effect on the chest. The loads should increase gradually.
Exercise therapy is also prescribed for acute pneumonia. At this phase, a debilitating cough, tachycardia, signs of toxic damage appear in the clinical picture. Physical therapy should not be performed if the patient suffers from fever. It is often caused by progressive inflammation. Therefore, before starting therapy, it is necessary to measure the temperature. This is the only way to prevent the development of complications.
Dynamic exercises are introduced into the therapeutic complex later than static ones. This is due to the more significant energy costs. Through exercise therapy, they increase the activity of the muscles of the trunk, shoulder girdle and legs. Particular care should be taken when choosing a therapeutic and (or) preventive complex for children. A child suffers pneumonia more severely than an adult. This circumstance is due to the anatomical features of underage patients and the immaturity of their immune system. The elderly are also at risk.
With the help of remedial gymnastics, even at home, you can speed up the recovery process. Correctly conducted rehabilitation is an important stage, without which complete recovery is impossible. Exercise reduces the risk of relapse, prevents complications, and relieves residual symptoms. Respiratory gymnastics for pneumonia should be carried out under medical supervision.
To date, the greatest effect is achieved when using the technique that was developed by A. N. Strelnikova. It includes breathing exercises for the respiratory system and physiotherapy exercises. The maximum beneficial effect is manifested in the initial stages of pneumonia. Chronic lung inflammation cannot be cured by this method.
During the course, special attention is paid to the frequency of breathing, the rhythm of movements and the position of the hands. With the pneumonia program you can:
- improve the functioning of the lymphatic system;
- increase the functionality of the diaphragm;
- reduce the likelihood of congestion.
To avoid negative consequences, a patient who suffers from pneumonia needs:
- During the session, monitor the heart rate.
- Conduct classes before meals (no more than three times a day).
- Observe the daily routine.
- Consult a specialist when choosing gymnastic equipment.
- Get adequate rest and eat right.
The position depends on the condition of the patient. After a noticeable improvement, the position can be changed to a more comfortable one. If painful sensations arise during breathing exercises, the person should lie on his side. In any case, you will have to limit physical activity.