Bronchial asthma and spa treatment: purpose, indications, recommendations

Treatment of bronchial asthma is a long and difficult process. Only an integrated approach that combines the use of medications and physiotherapy can bring a positive result. An important element is the spa treatment of bronchial asthma.

Patients who systematically rest in health institutions and boarding houses have a decrease in the manifestations of respiratory diseases, they tolerate bronchial asthma much better, which is extremely important for children.

What is spa treatment for?

Medical boarding houses for people suffering from bronchial asthma is a specialized institution whose activities are aimed at increasing the period of remission and improving the general well-being of patients. In addition, specialized boarding houses provide their residents with the opportunity to spend time pleasantly and excitingly with health benefits.

After asthma treatment in sanatoriums, a person’s health condition is normalized, the need for drug therapy decreases, and the frequency and intensity of attacks decreases. The reason for this is the special climatic conditions and specially selected treatment procedures.

Climatic procedures have a positive effect on asthma, as they create the most favorable conditions for a patient with impaired bronchial function. Such conditions include many factors – the topography of the surrounding area, sea or mineral waters, humidity and air temperature, caves with a healing microclimate, curative mud. This is very helpful, especially if a child has asthma.

A person spends most of his time in an environment with certain conditions – at home, at work, at school or in preschool. In most cases, environmental factors such as dust, toxic fumes provoke an exacerbation of bronchial asthma.

In medical resorts and specialized boarding houses, conditions are created that are most suitable for adults and children with respiratory diseases. The correct microclimate helps to strengthen the body and improve the patient’s well-being, increase the level of defenses.

In addition, modern health resorts are organized at the highest level – most of the sanatoriums offer a variety of animation activities, swimming in pools, open reservoirs. Therefore, such a vacation will not only be wellness, but also enjoyable.

Indications and contraindications for spa treatment of asthma

The main task of spa treatment for bronchial asthma is aimed at increasing the level of human immunity, so that his body can independently deal with negative environmental factors over the next year.

Medical rest in a boarding house or sanatorium is recommended in the following cases:

  1. Regular attacks of suffocation that bother a person even with minimal physical exertion.
  2. A short period of remission of the disease – the duration of the period of persistent improvement in bronchial asthma should be at least 6-12 months, otherwise you should use the services of a specialized sanatorium.
  3. Sanatorium rest is recommended for people with so-called occupational asthma – a pathology directly related to working conditions.  

Sanatorium rest is also recommended for children suffering from respiratory diseases. It helps to strengthen the child’s body and improve the overall well-being of the child.

Despite the effectiveness of sanatorium therapy, it also has several contraindications. The main ones are:

  • bronchial asthma, which develops against the background of heart disease;
  • a combination of pathology with pneumonia of the 2nd and 3rd stages;
  • severe form of the disease requiring immediate drug therapy.

In order for a spa vacation to bring an exceptionally joyful and pleasant experience, you should definitely consult with your doctor before visiting the boarding house – this will help to exclude possible contraindications.

How to choose the right resort for therapy and relaxation

In order for asthma treatment to bring the most positive results, it is necessary to be extremely careful when choosing a boarding house – this will help not only improve health, but also get good impressions.

When choosing a sanatorium for the treatment of bronchial asthma, many important factors should be taken into account, one of which is the moment of acclimatization. When moving to other climatic conditions, the human body goes through the so-called adaptation period, which can take from 3 to 7 days. During the adaptation time, a deterioration in well-being is observed, and the sharper the climate is, the worse a person tolerates the move. It is for this reason that it is recommended to choose a sanatorium located in such a place, the climate of which is not much different from the usual one.

For patients with asthma, it is best to visit the resort at a time when ragweed and other plants are not blooming, which can cause a serious allergic reaction. It is pollen that most often provokes exacerbations of the disease. It is best to prefer boarding houses located in high mountain areas or in coniferous forests.

In the case of a vacation in a sanatorium zone in another part of the country or abroad, the vacationer will expect a change in the usual hour mode. It also has a negative impact on health, especially when traveling by plane. For a short period, the body does not have time to rebuild. Long trips are best done by train, including with children.

Most popular resorts

The largest and most popular resorts for patients with bronchial asthma include:

  • Moscow region – “Vyatichi”, “Buran”, ” Zagorskiye Dali “;
  • Crimea – “Ai-Petri”, ” Miskhor “, “Pine Glade”;
  • Kislovodsk – “Essentuki”, ” Narzan “, “Tsentrosoyuz”;
  • Belarus – Zeleny Bor, Dubrava, Berezka;
  • Slovenia – Strunjan , Portoroz ;
  • Hungary – Tapolca ;
  • Poland – Wieliczka ;
  • Germany – Salzungen , Bad Dürheim ;
  • Israel – Haifa, Ein Bokek , Arad ;
  • Switzerland – Davos.

In order to choose the best option for spa treatment, you should consult a doctor who will advise a suitable institution, taking into account all the features of the disease.

Features of sanatorium recovery

Health-improving treatment in a sanatorium for patients with bronchial asthma is carried out through a variety of therapeutic and prophylactic procedures and measures aimed at improving the patient’s health and reducing the frequency of attacks.

The most commonly used treatment methods are healing baths and showers with mineral and thermal waters, mud, oxygen treatments, and visits to salt caves.

After spa treatment, patients feel much better, and the period of remission of the disease increases.

Methods for the treatment of bronchial asthma in sanatoriums

For the treatment of bronchial asthma in sanatoriums, a variety of medical procedures and measures are used, each of which has an effective effect on the disease of the respiratory system.

The most popular treatment programs:

  1. Speleotherapy .
  2. Halotherapy .
  3. Balneotherapy.
  4. Mud therapy.
  5. Hydroaeroionization .
  6. Diaphragmatic stimulation.
  7. Massotherapy.
  8. Aromatherapy.
  9. Electroaerosol therapy .
  10. Mineral water therapy.

Detailed description of directions

Speleotherapy is an effective method for treating asthma in children and adults, used in many health resorts in Russia and abroad. It is part of climatotherapy. This procedure is a visit to salt or mineral caves. The result is deeper breathing without shortness of breath.  

Halotherapy resembles the previous method, the difference is that patients do not visit natural caves, but specially created rooms filled with oxygen with a highly dispersed dry salt aerosol. The hands of specialists in such rooms artificially create an optimal environment, reminiscent of the microclimate in salt and mineral grottoes.

Balneotherapy – therapeutic baths used to treat asthma. For healing baths, mineral and thermal waters are used with the addition of specially selected chemicals – radon, sodium chloride, bromine, ozone, sulfate, iodine. The patient lies down in a container with a heated liquid, which actively affects the cells of the lungs through receptors. The duration of the treatment procedure is determined by the doctor depending on the characteristics and severity of the disease.

Mud therapy is a medical procedure, its essence lies in applying healing mud to the surface of the epidermis, which contains a large amount of minerals, vitamins and trace elements. The mud wrap helps to stimulate metabolic processes and improve the functioning of the respiratory system.

Hydroaeroionization – these procedures involve the stay of patients in the so-called oxygen rooms. They are filled with oxygen with light ions – inhalation of such oxygen has a positive effect on the human respiratory organs. Blood flow and metabolic processes in the lungs and bronchi are activated. For maximum effectiveness, oxygen therapy is combined with breathing exercises.

Diaphragmatic stimulation is a therapeutic effect on the diaphragm by means of special equipment, which is a kind of breathing exercises. The main goal of the technique is to activate muscle activity.

Therapeutic massage and aromatherapy – in most cases, these therapeutic techniques are applied in a comprehensive manner, allowing the patient to feel a noticeable improvement in their condition after just a few sessions.

Electroaerosol therapy – medical inhalations, which are carried out using aerosols, ultrasound and specially selected medicinal compounds.

Thermal and mineral water therapy is carried out in a variety of forms, including balneotherapy and oral administration. In the most frequent cases, for diseases of the respiratory system, a complex of several mineral and thermal waters with different chemical composition and healing properties is used.


Treatment of bronchial asthma in a sanatorium is an important element in the therapy of pathology. The most effective is a combined approach that combines the use of drugs, physiotherapy and spa treatment.

It allows not only to reduce the manifestations of the disease, but also to improve the general well-being and human health.

event_note March 22, 2021

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