Bronchial asthma, pregnancy and smoking

Pregnant women who smoke are more likely to quit smoking if they can learn to manage the negative emotions that lead to smoking, a new study from researchers at the Buffalo Research Institute has found. Previous studies have shown that smoking during pregnancy can lead to the development of bronchial asthma and other respiratory problems in a child.
The study involved seventy pregnant women who wanted to quit smoking and reported resorting to the habit in response to stress, anger and anxiety. These women use smoking as a way to deal with their negative feelings. Many face the problem of poverty, insecure housing and unemployment, as well as the stress of pregnancy, which increases negative emotions. All of these factors make care difficult and impair the well-being of both mothers and their children. Half of the women took part in a smoking cessation program consisting of emotion regulation treatment combined with standard cognitive-behavioral therapy, while the other received cognitive-behavioral therapy. therapy and participated in health and lifestyle education activities. Emotion regulation is an intervention-based therapy where counselors help participants imagine stressful situations that cause strong urges or cravings to smoke, and then allow them to experience those feelings in a session without smoking. The women were also taught mindfulness skills and effective ways to cope with the urge to smoke. Participants in this program showed significantly higher rates of smoking cessation, with 23% quitting two months after starting emotion regulation treatment compared to controls. They also stated that they felt more confident that they would be able to quit smoking. In addition, women in the emotion regulation program who did not quit smoking showed improvement because they smoked less than half the number of cigarettes daily compared to the control group.
The scientists noted that there is widespread evidence that smoking cigarettes during pregnancy leads to a number of negative health outcomes for the fetus, including an increased risk of low birth weight and preterm birth, as well as higher rates of asthma and visual impairment. Since smoking cessation drugs are not recommended for use during pregnancy, behavioral methods of helping pregnant women to fight a bad habit come to the fore.

event_note January 25, 2022

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