Asthma is a chronic disease of the respiratory tract that is periodically accompanied by exacerbations. Choking and coughing attacks cause allergies, emotional and physical stress, unfavorable climatic conditions. A suitable climate for asthmatics is characterized by a complex of geophysical, temperature, weather, sociographic conditions.
Decisive climatic factors
Bronchial asthma affects about 200 million people in the world. Of these, anyone who has the opportunity tries to move to a region with a climate suitable for asthmatics. There are several main factors causing the exacerbation of the disease.
Among them are excessively humid air, heat, extreme cold. All this adversely affects the state of the respiratory system. Unsuitable air temperature and dampness activate the protective functions of the body in any person. In asthmatics, they provoke an inadequate response of the immune system. When choosing living conditions, you need to pay attention to the following:
- the amplitude of fluctuations in temperature indicators throughout the year;
- the presence of sharp jumps in temperature throughout the day;
- humidity and air composition;
- atmospheric pressure prevailing in the given climatic zone;
- presence of allergens and hazardous emissions from industrial plants.
At the same time, the importance of any one specific factor cannot be emphasized. The whole complex matters.
The best climate for asthmatics
Citizens with respiratory diseases notice that as soon as they leave the city, into nature, it becomes easier to breathe. Bronchial asthma is generally considered a disease of urban residents. Large industrial centers have poor ecology. The air is polluted with exhaust gases, industrial smoke.
Urban smog contains chemicals that act on the bronchial immune system as aggressive allergens. For this reason, even just going to nature and moving away from factories, townspeople feel better. Clean air is already a relief for asthmatics.
Pulmonologists advise such patients to move to more environmentally friendly regions and live closer to nature. There are 3 zones where there is a better climate for asthmatics:
- the mountains;
- forest belt with an abundance of conifers;
- sea coast.
Areas rich in conifers are another good place for asthmatics. Coniferous forests purify the air by filling it with oxygen. Spruce, fir and cedar trees give off a lot of essential oils. Evaporating, they saturate the air with unique medicinal substances – phytoncides.
Essential oils of pine needles relieve inflammation and destroy pathogens. The air enriched with phytoncides cleanses the lungs, promotes expectoration and reduces the amount of mucus secreted by the bronchi. It is useful for both asthmatics and all people suffering from frequent bronchitis.
Well suited for patients with asthma and the seaside. They are referred to as a recreational area for rest and treatment of lung diseases. The peculiarity of the local climate is that when seawater is heated to 25-30 ° C, iodine and salt-containing compounds evaporate. These substances:
- cleanse the bronchi from mucus accumulated in them;
- reduce the volume of phlegm in the lungs;
- make breathing easier.
Iodine also has a beneficial effect on the functioning of the thyroid gland, which in general has a good effect on the state of the whole organism. Living in seaside areas strengthens the immune system and heals .
In Russia, the best sea resorts are located on the coast of the Azov and Black Seas. There are many health resorts for the treatment of respiratory organs, allergic and autoimmune diseases. It is better for asthmatics to visit seaside resorts starting in September, when the heat subsides and the lower temperature limit does not exceed 25-27 ° С.
In 85% of cases, asthma is determined by heredity. While researching this disease, experts noticed that in the mountainous regions (in Altai, the Caucasus, in Tibet) they practically do not get sick. This is due to several factors that have a beneficial effect on the health of the local population:
- Plants and factories are not built in the mountains, so the air is not polluted by harmful industrial emissions.
- Road transport is also rarely used. No smog, no exhaust fumes.
- High in the mountains, low atmospheric pressure. The air is dry, oxygen-rich and rarefied.
- No significant temperature fluctuations are observed.
- There are few allergens in the mountains, especially those created by human hands: pesticides, herbicides and other harmful chemicals.
Mountain air relieves the burden from the bronchi, reduces the number of attacks, improves pulmonary ventilation. Asthmatics in the mountains breathe much easier. With permanent residence in such an area, the disease recedes and less often makes itself felt.
On the territory of Russia there is a unique ecologically clean region that is well suited for asthmatics and allergy sufferers. This is the Altai Territory. Mountains and clean air filled with phytoncides are what you need for lung health. Altai is famous for its amazing nature and stunning mountain landscapes.
Suitable places for asthmatics in the world
There are many regions on the planet that are useful for recreation and residence of sick people. Travel lovers will probably find the list of such places useful. There is a means and a desire to see the world, it is worth going to New Zealand, Ecuador, the Dominican Republic. The excellent resorts of Bulgaria, Croatia, France, Israel are located a little closer.
There are suitable conditions for relaxation and health improvement on the Spanish and Greek coasts. The coastal areas and the central part of Australia are also good. Clean air, ocean influences and great weather are good for lung health most of the year.
In the countries of the East (Iran, UAE, Turkey) it is too hot in summer. The column of the thermometer rises above 30-35 ° С. But from October to March it is quite comfortable here. At this time, asthmatics go to rest in eastern countries.
Suitable regions of Russia
There are also many places in the Russian Federation where people with lung diseases need to live and be treated. The three leaders included the southern regions of the Krasnodar Territory. It has a mild climate, clean sea air filled with iodine. The best resorts for the treatment of respiratory organs are located in Anapa, Gelendzhik, Sochi.
In second place are the resorts of the North Caucasus. There are healing coniferous forests and thin mountain air. Excellent health resorts are located in Pyatigorsk, Kislovodsk, Minvody, Gagra, Sukhumi. A trip there will bring a lot of positive emotions and real relief for the lungs.
Bronze was won by the Crimean Peninsula. The best are the sanatoriums of Feodosia, Evpatoria and Sevastopol. The iodine-rich air and mild climate create favorable conditions for asthmatics. The health resorts here are specially equipped for the treatment of bronchopulmonary diseases. They have salt rooms and therapy equipment. The main asset of the Crimea is the clean ecology of the sea coast.
Unsuitable climate for asthmatics
Some areas are considered disadvantageous for people with lung disease. Worse the course of the disease:
- excessive air humidity;
- frequent fogs;
- constantly overcast sky;
- sudden changes in temperature;
- wet clay soil.
It is categorically impossible for asthmatics to live in the cold northern regions and tropics. The humid climate and critical temperatures in them sharply worsen the course of the disease, provoke frequent colds, infections and exacerbations of asthma. People with this disease should also not settle in large cities and industrial zones: in St. Petersburg, in the Donbass, near the metallurgical plants of the Urals.
By observing safety rules and choosing the optimal conditions for life, asthma patients can significantly ease the course of the disease. For a long time to forget about exhausting attacks will also help regular, at least once a year, sanatorium treatment in the Crimea, Krasnodar Territory or the Caucasus.