The relief of an attack of atopic bronchial asthma should be carried out in two directions at once: carefully follow the guidelines according to the proposed program and immediately take measures to eliminate the patient’s contact with a non-infectious allergen.
If you are affected by smells, then immediately you need to leave the room in which the attack developed, and on the street to go outside the building from the leeward side – then it will become easier to breathe. For many, the danger comes from house dust and pollen. In these cases, immediately wash off the dust or pollen from the mucous membrane of the nasopharynx and skin and change clothes.
If low molecular weight chemicals (synthetic powders, varnishes, paints, etc.) get on the skin of a person prone to allergies, it is first necessary to remove them from the surface of the skin, and it is especially important to use ice water – the effect of cold irritant is more conducive to in particular, the formation of a natural biological barrier to allergens.
At the stage of stopping the attack, the following main tasks have to be solved: by all available means, eliminate contact with a non-infectious allergen, weaken the mechanism of the unfolded allergic reaction, gradually normalize external respiration, maintain hardening and physical activity.
In an environment that no longer threatens the body with continued contact with the allergen, carry out physical exercises cyclically until the attack of suffocation is completely stopped and external breathing is normalized using the following means.
Extremely long bath in an ice bath. At the end of the procedure, the sensation should be as if thousands of needles are pricking the body.
Blotting the body with a bath towel.
Physical activity (if possible – walking or jogging, controlling breathing) barefoot, half-naked – 6 minutes.
Get dressed and put on shoes if necessary. Facial massage in combination with water procedures – 2 times.
Massage of the chest (an arbitrary combination of techniques: stroking, “shoulder – neck”, “dough”, “caterpillar”, twisting, vibration) with the expression of diaphragmatic breathing, with a slight cough – 6–8 min.
WIG. 3 series of 2 pushups. Between series chest massage – 2 min.
Rest sitting, completely relaxed, diaphragmatic breathing – 5 min.
WIG. 2 series of 3 pushups. Between series to perform chest massage – 2 min.
Facial massage in combination with water procedures – 1-2 times.
This ends the cycle. And in the future, it should be repeated until normal breathing.
Methodological notes . According to scientific data and practical experience, a powerful cold effect on a person is the most physiological stress with the release of adrenaline, which helps relieve bronchospasm. That is why bathing in cold reservoirs is used so widely for preventive purposes and ice baths are constantly used, including during an attack of bronchial asthma.
In the recommended physical culture cycle, much attention is paid to facial massage in combination with cold water procedures, as a result of which the nasopharyngeal mucosa regains the elasticity characteristic of a healthy person’s mucosa, and therefore, in the upper part of the patient’s respiratory system, the allergic reaction decreases sharply, and this is one of the most important conditions for the prevention and relief of suffocation.
Massage of the chest allows you to relax the respiratory muscles, reduce the spasm of the smooth muscles of the bronchi and reduce the swelling of the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract – suffocation is significantly reduced, the patient becomes easier to breathe, his pulse is reduced and the most suitable time comes for drainage of the bronchi with the help of push-ups . With an attack of suffocation, it is most suitable for ALS, which must be performed without any errors, in a strictly defined initial position, with sufficient pauses for rest, which are advantageously combined with massage of the chest.
Having achieved a relief of an attack of bronchial asthma, you risk crossing out success by switching back to upper chest breathing, laryngeal cough, and excessive physical exertion. Therefore, in infants, it is necessary to periodically fix the upper chest on the exhale, leaving the diaphragm and lower half of the chest free for natural breathing, older children (and adults themselves) need to be reminded more often of the need to control their breathing and cough only with “stomach”; when the patient strives for physical activity, limit his actions in time (6 minutes), otherwise this will cause severe suffocation. However, if asphyxiation due to excessive physical exertion nevertheless develops, do not panic, but put the patient in a position, as for VYZhs, and do a massage of the chest, appropriate squeezing – then relief will come pretty soon.
Is it possible to resort to the help of a rescue inhaler during the relief of an attack of bronchial asthma? Of course, it is possible, but only after hard physical work with the patient. And after inhalation, continue to carry out physical education activities.